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About Medical

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By Vidhi Gautam Last Updated: November 07th, 2020

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Medical is the expression used to describe the human body, its components, processes, conditions affecting it, and procedures performed upon it. It is a degree that is awarded for studies in the fields associated with medicine and surgery.

Medical is one of the top career choices which draws the attention of students a lot towards itself. There is a plethora of career prospects in the medical field not only in India but also in foreign countries too. Medical students may be hired by the medical colleges, hospitals, nursing homes, health corporations, health ministry, medical health society, back office medical consultancy, pharmaceutical industries, etc. It is one of the most looked upon and prestigious careers that offer perks that happen to be unmatched simply by any other field.

Medical Courses

There is a variety of courses in the medical field, not only for undergraduate students but also for the students who want to pursue their careers in postgraduate and doctoral degrees. From all these courses, one can choose according to their liking. Some of the top medical courses in India are listed below:

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Top Medical courses in India after 12th Class

MBBA: Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is the most prestigious career option and one among the highest-paid fields in India. It is the most demanding undergraduate course among Class 12 science students, which comes up with a duration of 5.5 years (4.5 years for course study and 1-year mandatory internship). In the MBBS course, one should study various subjects such as Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Pathology, Microbiology, and many others.

Syllabus for the Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

MBBS Syllabus
Anatomy Anesthesiology Biochemistry
Community Medicine Physiology Dermatology & Venereology
Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Medicine Microbiology
Obstetrics & Gynecology Pathology Ophthalmology
Pharmacology Orthopaedics Otorhinolaryngology
Psychiatry Paediatrics Surgery

BDS: Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) is the only approved and recognized professional dental course in India with a duration of 5 years. It is one of the most hankering courses in the health sector after MBBS. BDS course contains the fundamental subjects like human anatomy, physiology & biochemistry, dental material, prosthodontics, microbiology, embryology & histology, general & dental pharmacology and pathology, periodontics, pedodontics, orthodontics, and dentistry.

Syllabus for Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

BDS Syllabus
General Human Physiology, Biochemistry General Human Anatomy including Embryology, Osteology and Histology General Medicine
Nutrition and Dietetics General Surgery Dental materials
Oral Pathology and Microbiology General Pathology Orthodontics
Microbiology Periodontics General and Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Pedodontics Oral and Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Histology Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge
Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics Oral Surgery, Local Anesthesia and General Anesthesia Oral Medicine and Roentgenology
Community Dentistry

BAMS: Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is an undergraduate course of 5 years and 6-month. In this course, students study the Ayurveda and use it for the treatment of patients. In this course, students firstly studied the anatomy, physiology, and history of the Ayurvedic system, then the toxicology and pharmacology, and the final course contains, the surgery, ENT, skin, obstetrics, and gynecology.

Below is the syllabus for Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS):

1st Professional2nd Professional3rd Professional
Sanskrit CharakSamhita (Purvardha)Charak Samhita (Uttarardha)
Padartha Vigyan (Ayurvedic Philosophy)SwasthavrittaKayachikitsa (General Medicine including Panchakarma, Rasayana and Vajikarana)
Ayurveda Itihas (History of Ayurveda)Dravyaguna Vigyan (Materia Medica of Ayurveda)Shalakya (ENT, Eye, and Dentistry)
Ashtang Hridyam (Sutrasthan)Rasa Shastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana (Pharmaceuticals of Ayurveda)Shalya (General surgery and parasurgical techniques)
Rachana Sharir (Anatomy)Roga Vigyan Evum Vikriti VigyanPanchkarma
Kriya Sharir (Physiology)Agada Tantra (Toxicology)Kaumarbhritya Pediatrics
Vyavhar Ayurved evumVidhi VaidyakPrasuti Tantra Evum Stri Roga (Gynaecology and Obstetrics)

BHMS: Bachelor of Homeopathy Medicine and Surgery (BHMS) is an undergraduate course of 5½ years duration, that covers medical knowledge of the homeopathic system, which involves the treatment of patients by enhancing the body’s natural healing system. In this, candidates can choose any specialization from Homoeopathic Pharmacy, Paediatrics, Psychiatry, Skin Specialist and Infertility, etc.

Syllabus for Bachelor of Homeopathy Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)


BHMS Syllabus
Organon of MedicineToxicologyGynaecology
BacteriologyHistologyHomeopathic Materia Medica
Principles of Homoeopathic PhilosophySurgery [ENT, Eye, Dental]Infant Care
VirologyEmbryologyPathology
PsychologyHomeotherapeuticRepertory
Forensic MedicinePhysiology ObstetricsParasitology
AnatomyBiochemistryCommunity Medicine

B.V.Sc & AH: Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & AH) deals with the study of medical diagnostics, and treatment of diseases of all the animals. B.V.Sc & AH includes training in exotic animal care, disease identification, nutrition, and animal husbandry. It comes up with a duration of 5 years.

Below is the syllabus for Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & AH):

Year IYear IIYear IIIYear IVYear V
Abattoir Practices and Animal by products TechnologyCattle and Buffalo Production and ManagementGeneral and CNS PharmacologyImmunology and SerologyPhysiological Chemistry
Ambulatory Clinics Chemotherapy General Livestock Management
Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Andrology and Artificial Insemination Clinical Biochemistry General and Systemic Virology Livestock Breeding System Principles of Animal Breeding
Animal Housing and Sanitation Entomology and Acarology General Veterinary Biochemistry Livestock Economics Principles of Animal Nutrition
Applied Anatomy Environmental Hygiene General Veterinary Parasitology Meat and Meat Products Technology Sheep and Goat Production and Management
Applied Nutrition Education of Feedstuff and Technology General Veterinary Pathology Meat Hygiene and Public Health
Swine/Equine/Camel/Yak Production and Management
Autonomic and Systemic Pharmacology Fodder Production and Grassland Management Gross Anatomy Milk and Milk Products Technology Toxicology

BUMS: Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS) is a study in the field of Unani medicine and surgery. It is the fourth most popular medication system in India after the allopathic, ayurvedic, and homeopathic system, which comes up with a duration of 5.5 Years (4.5 Years for Academics and 1 Year for Internship).

Top Postgraduate Medical Courses in India

Doctor of Medicine (MD): Doctor of Medicine (MD) is a professional course for 4 years, which can be pursued after completing MBBS. In this course, students studied the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of certain diseases. The students studying this course develop an in-depth knowledge of the field of Medical Science.

Below is the specialization for Doctor of Medicine (MD):

  • Anaesthesia
  • Anatomy
  • Geriatric medicine
  • General medicine
  • Forensic medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Physiology
  • Psychiatry
  • Paediatrics
  • Radio-therapy

Masters of Surgery (MS): Masters of Surgery (MS) is a 3-year full-time postgraduate course which can be pursued after completing MBBS. In this course, students studied the Basic Medical Sciences as related to General Surgery, Neurosurgery, E.N.T. Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics, and Cardio-vascular Surgery as related to General Surgery and Recent Advances in General Surgery.

Below is the specialization for Masters of Surgery (MS):

  • Obstetrics and gynaecology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Orthopaedics
  • ENT
  • Traumatology and Surgery
  • Anaesthesia

Some more Medical Courses students can opt-in India

Undergraduate Program
MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery)BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)
BDS (Bachelor of Dental Sciences)B.V.Sc & AH (Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry)BMLT (Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology)
DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery)B.Pharm (Bachelor of Pharmacy)BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy)
BUMS (Bachelor in Unani Medicine)D. Pharma (Diploma of Pharmacy)B.Sc. Nursing (Bachelor of Science in Nursing)
BSMS (Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery)BOT (Bachelor of Occupational Therapy)BNYS (Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences)
Postgraduate ProgramSuper Speciality Program
MD - Postgraduate medical Degree (Doctor of Medicine)DM - Super Speciality Degree (Doctor of Medicine)
MS - Postgraduate surgical degree (Master of Surgery)MCh - Super Speciality Degree (Master of Chirurgical)

Eligibility of Medical Courses in India

Eligibility for all the courses provided by the Medical are as follows:

DegreeEligibility
Bachelor degree in Medical Science (UG)Candidates must have passed the 10+2 or equivalent exam from a recognized board with the commerce stream with a minimum aggregate marks criteria provided by the examining authority of government, universities/institutes, etc.
Master in Medical Science (PG)Candidates must have a bachelor's degree in medical science with the commerce stream with a minimum aggregate marks criteria provided by the examining authority of government, universities/institutes, etc.
Super Speciality in Medical ScienceCandidates must have an MS/MD degree or provisional pass certificate (or equivalent degree) registered with the Medical Council of India (MCI)/State Medical Council (SMC) with a minimum aggregate marks criteria provided by the exam or college authorities.

Medical Entrance Exams

For admission in Medical Science, almost every other institute or university in India select candidates according to the merit list prepared on the basis of entrance exam scores and ranks. Formerly the All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) and Pre-Medical Test (PMT) was an entrance examination in India for students who wish to study undergraduate medical courses and dental courses in government or private medical and dental colleges in India. But now there is only a single entrance exam for admission in the medical science field, i.e., NEET UG and NEET PG conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA).

NEET UG: National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate) (NEET-UG), is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). It is a single entrance test for admissions to more than 66,000 MBBS and BDS seats across India. NEET-UG became a common all-India entrance test for admissions to medical colleges in India including the All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER) which till yet conducted separate entrances.

NEET PG: National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Postgraduate) (NEET-PG), is conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE) for students who wish to study various postgraduate Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS), and diploma courses, in government or private medical colleges in the country.

NEET MDS: National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Master of Dental Surgery (NEET MDS), is conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE) for admission to postgraduate dental courses across India.

NEET SS: The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Super Speciality Courses) or NEET SS, is conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE) for admission to DM/ Mch/ DNB super-specialty medical courses across India.

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Top Medical Colleges in India

There are many Governmental and Private Medical Colleges one can choose from. Some of the medical colleges are listed below:

Top 10 Government Medical Colleges in India (Medicine/MBBS)

  1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi
  2. Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune
  3. JIPMER College, Puducherry
  4. Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC), Delhi
  5. Lady Hardinge Medical College (LHMC), Delhi
  6. Madras Medical College, Chennai
  7. Grant Medical College, Mumbai
  8. University College of Medical Science & Research Centre, New Delhi
  9. King George Medical College, CMM Medical University, Lucknow
  10. Bangalore Medical College (BMC), Bangalore

Top 10 Private Medical Colleges in India (Medicine/MBBS)

  1. Christian Medical College, Vellore
  2. Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
  3. Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai
  4. Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi
  5. M S Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore
  6. Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana
  7. Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore
  8. Dr. D Y Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Pune
  9. Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar
  10. SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Chennai

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