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About Engineering

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By Vidhi Gautam Last Updated: November 12th, 2020

Engineering is a piece of science and technology that comprises many fields and skills such as being scientists, inventors, great thinkers, designers, builders, etc. The main focus of this field is on how to design, build, or invent something and maintain machines, software, hardware, and systems, etc. with the use of some mathematical calculation and science.

Pursuing an engineering degree is a popular career option in India, according to the All India Survey of Higher Education (AISHE) powered by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD). Students have vast career options in engineering because of the steady growth in industries, the economy, and so on. There is a lot of scope for engineers in private, public as well as in the government sectors.

Engineering Courses in India

Engineering offers courses not only for the students seeking admission in the undergraduate field but also for the students who want to pursue their careers in postgraduate and doctoral degrees too.

It offers a Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) and Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) courses at the undergraduate level, which is a professional degree program that comes up with a duration of 4 years. B.E. course focuses mainly on the scientific theory concepts and experiments, whereas B.Tech emphasizes more on practical application in the field of science and technology.

Students can also take admission in B.Tech Lateral Entry. It is the course in which students get admitted in the 2nd year of B.Tech after completing their Diploma in respective branches. It also offers Integrated/Dual Degree Courses for the students, with a duration of 5 years. In this, students have to study both B.Tech and M.Tech.

Engineering also offers a master's degree program known as Masters of Engineering (M.E.) and Masters of Technology (M.Tech) as one of the career options for the students who have been completed their graduation in the engineering and technology field. Course Duration of Master's degree in Engineering is of 2 Years.

Students can also opt for a Ph.D. after completing their masters in the respective branch.

Top Engineering Branches in India

In Engineering, B.E./B.Tech offers a wide range of specialization in different streams, such as Computer Science Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, etc. Students can pick among any one of the streams according to their interest or liking.

Here is the list of some Top Engineering Branches in India:

  • Computer Science and Engineering is the most opted branch among the students due to the increase in the IT sector in India. In this, students practice the designing of computer hardware components, computer systems, networks, and computer software.
  • Information Technology is the branch that covers both the engineering as well as technologies amalgamate with major aspects of IT like computer networks, web-based applications, control systems, artificial intelligence, embedded systems, mobile computing, information retrieval, and transmission.
  • Electronics and Communication Engineering is an evergreen engineering branch for the students who are avid lovers of Calculus, Probability, and Physics (Electromagnetics, Semiconductor, and Digital Electronics) can perform well in this niche. It deals with electronic devices, circuits, electronics, analog and digital transmission & reception of data, voice and video (Example AM, FM, DTH), microprocessors, satellite communication, microwave engineering, antennae & wave progression, communication equipments like transmitter, receiver, integrated circuits (IC), etc.
  • Mechanical Engineering is one of the oldest and broadest fields of engineering which involves, designing, manufacturing, inspection & maintenance of machinery, equipment & components as well as control systems and instruments for monitoring their status and performance.
  • Civil Engineering is one of the professional engineering branch that deals with the designing, construction, maintenance & inspection of large infrastructure projects such as highways, railroads, bridges, tunnels, dams, and airports.
  • Electrical Engineering deals with the design, testing, manufacturing, construction, control, monitoring & inspection of electrical and electronic devices, machinery, and systems.

Some more Branches Students can Opt for in Engineering in India


Engineering Branches 
Aeronautical EngineeringAerospace EngineeringAutomobile Engineering
Biomedical EngineeringBiotechnology EngineeringCeramic Engineering
Chemical EngineeringCivil EngineeringCommunications Engineering
Computer Science & EngineeringConstruction EngineeringElectrical Engineering
Electronics & Communication EngineeringElectronics EngineeringEnvironmental Engineering
Industrial EngineeringInformation ScienceInformation Technology
Marine EngineeringMechanical EngineeringMechatronics Engineering
Metallurgical EngineeringMining EngineeringPetroleum Engineering
Power EngineeringProduction EngineeringRobotics Engineering
Structural EngineeringTelecommunication EngineeringTextile Engineering
Tool EngineeringTransportation Engineering

Some of the colleges also provide specializations under different branches in engineering, i.e., Computer Science & Engineering, Automobile Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, etc. which are as follows:

Specializations Under Different Branches

Branch SpecializationBranch Specialization
CSE with Data Science & Machine LearningCSE with User Experience and Interaction Forensic Science
CSE with Cyber SecurityCSE with Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning
CSE with Cloud ComputingCSE with Big Data Analytics
CSE with Digital TransformationCSE with Internet of Things (IoT)
CSE with BlockchainCSE with Computer Networking
CSE with Computational SustainabilityCSE with Open Source and Open Standards
CSE with Computational ScienceMechanical Engineering (Mechanical, and Production)
CSE with Virtualization TechnologyMechanical Engineering (Automotive)
CSE with OptimizationECE with Cyber Security
CSE with Gaming TechnologyECE (Biomedical Engineering)
CSE with Business AnalyticsECE with (Instrumentation Engineering)
CSE with Graphics and GamingECE with Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning

Eligibility of Engineering Courses

Eligibility for all the courses provided by the engineering are as follows:

CoursesEligibility
B.E./B.TechCandidates must have passed the 10+2 exam from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects with a minimum aggregate marks criteria provided by the examining authority of government, universities/institutes, etc.
B.Tech Lateral EntryCandidates must have passed a three-year Diploma granted by the Board of Technical Examination of a State Government with a minimum aggregate marks criteria provided by the examining authority of government, universities/institutes, etc.
M.E./M.TechCandidates must have B.E./B.Tech degree in relevant discipline from a recognized institute or university with a minimum aggregate marks criteria provided by the examining authority of government, universities/institutes, etc.
Ph.D.Candidates must have B.E./B.Tech or M.E./M.Tech degree in relevant discipline from a recognized institute or university with a minimum aggregate marks criteria provided by the examining authority of government, universities/institutes, etc.

Top Engineering Entrance Exams in India

For admission in engineering, almost every other institute or university in India select candidates according to the merit list prepared on the basis of entrance exam scores and ranks. Some institutes or universities accept the national level exams or state level exam ranks while some of them conduct their own entrance exam. Listed below are some of the popular engineering exams in India conducted at the UG and PG level:

B.E./B.Tech (UG)

  • JEE Mains, followed by JEE Advance conducted by National Testing Agency
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT) conducted by Birla Institute of Technology and Science
  • Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) conducted by VIT University
  • SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam (SRMJEEE) conducted by SRM Institute of Science and Technology (Earlier known as SRM University)
  • Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka Under Graduate Entrance Test (COMEDK) conducted by Consortium of Medical Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka
  • Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Examination (KIITEE) conducted by Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology
  • West Bengal Joint Entrance Exam (WBJEE) conducted by West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination Board
  • Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MHT-CET) conducted by the Government of Maharashtra
  • Bihar Combined Entrance Competitive Examination (BCECE) conducted by Bihar Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board (BCECEB)

M.E./M.Tech (PG)

  • Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) conducted by Indian Institute of Technology
  • Andhra Pradesh Postgraduate Engineering Common Entrance Test (AP PGECET) conducted by Andhra University, Visakhapatnam on behalf of the Andhra Pradesh State Council of Higher Education (APSCHE)
  • Telangana State Post Graduate Engineering Common Entrance Test (TS PGECET) conducted by Osmania University Hyderabad on behalf of Telangana State Council of Higher Education (TSCHE)
  • Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Exam (UPSEE) conducted by Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University (AKTU)
  • Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test (TANCET) conducted by Anna University, on behalf of the Government of Tamil Nadu
  • Banaras Hindu University Postgraduate Entrance Test (BHU PET) conducted by Banaras Hindu University (BHU)

Best Engineering Colleges in India

Some of the best institutes to pursue engineering from India are The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and some private technical institutes such as Birla Institute of Science & Technology (BITS) Pilani, etc.

Top 5 IIT’s for Engineering in India are as follows:

  1. IIT MADRAS
  2. IIT BOMBAY
  3. IIT KHARAGPUR
  4. IIT DELHI
  5. IIT KANPUR

Top 5 NIT’s for Engineering in India are as follows:

  1. National Institute of Technology (NIT), Tiruchirappalli
  2. Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology (SVNIT), Surat
  3. Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology (VNIT), Nagpur
  4. National Institute of Technology (NIT), Rourkela
  5. National Institute of Technology (NIT), Surathkal

Top 6 IIIT’s for Engineering in India are as follows:

  1. IIIT Hyderabad
  2. IIIT Bangalore
  3. IIIT Guwahati
  4. PDSM IIITDM Jabalpur
  5. ABV IIIT Gwalior
  6. IIIT Allahabad

Top 6 Private colleges for Engineering in India are as follows:

  1. Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani
  2. Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
  3. Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra
  4. RV College of Engineering (RVCE), Bangalore
  5. SRM University, Chennai
  6. Thapar University, Patiala

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