Common Law Admission Test [ CLAT ]

By Srushit Pargat Last Updated: November 20th, 2020


Introduction about CLAT

CLAT, aka the Common Law Admission Test, is a pan-India Level law entrance examination. Previously till 2018, it was conducted on a rotational basis by 19 national law universities (NLUs) in India. After 2018, the test is conducted by a permanent body created by those universities known as The Consortium of NLUs. The consortium has its headquarters at NLSIU Bangalore. 

This examination offers the candidates the opportunity to get enrolled in undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) programs in one of the 120 law universities present in India. The CLAT examination is performed for several courses such as BA LLB, BCom LLB, BSc LLB, BBA LLB, BSW LLB. 

Every year, approximately 59,000 candidates take up the challenge to write this prestigious examination, and even this year, in 2020, there was no lack of attendance. There is absolutely nothing that could hold back the efforts or preparations of the candidates.  Not even a global pandemic.

The CLAT is an offline examination of exactly 2 hours and is conducted only once a year. Most information regarding the release of dates, application forms, and key releases can be found on the official website.

Exam Name Common-Law Admission Test
Exam Frequency Once a year
Exam Mode Offline
Exam Duration 2 hours
Test Takers Approx. 59,000
Accepting Colleges 120 colleges
Official Website

CLAT Important Exam Dates

The following are the relevant dates to remember for the CLAT 2020:

CLAT 2020 official notification for exam date 21-11-2019 CLAT Consortium announced the exam date and made a few upgrades in the exam pattern of CLAT 2020.
Online registrations for CLAT 2020 begins 01-01-2020 The online application window of CLAT 2020 active on the official website.
Last date of application submission  10-07-2020 One must complete all steps of the application form need to be completed.
Release of admit cards 15-09-2020 Candidates' admit card is issued in online mode to appear for the offline examination.
CLAT 2020 exam date 28-09-2020 All need to appear for the CLAT exam at the allotted test center according to the scheduled date and time. Carrying an admit card along with a valid Photo Id proof is mandatory.
CLAT 2020 results and release of merit list 05-10-2020 CLAT consortium declared the results of CLAT 2020 as well as publish the merit list for each NLU on the official website. 

Exam Structure and Subjects

There have been certain changes made in the CLAT exams 2020due to the current circumstances of the COVID-19 pandemic. First and foremost, the exam will now be online as a socially distanced computer-based test in the respected test centers.

There are five subjects in the examination. They are English, including Comprehension, Current Affairs including General Knowledge, Logical Reasoning, Legal Reasoning, and Quantitative Techniques (Elementry mathematics up to class 10th). The question paper consists totally of 150 questions, accounting for 1-mark each.

Sections Questions per section Marks per section
English including Comprehension 28 - 32 MCQs 28 - 32 marks
Current Affairs including General Knowledge 35 - 39 MCQs 35 - 39 marks
Logical Reasoning 35 - 39 MCQs 35 - 39 marks
Legal Reasoning 28 - 32 MCQs 28 - 32 marks
Quantitative Techniques 13 - 17 MCQs 13 - 17 marks
Total Questions 150 MCQs 150 marks

Marking Scheme

CLAT 2020 has a negative marking scheme that makes it even tougher to crack. Candidates lose most of their confidence because of this issue. The marking system can be seen below:

Negative Response Deduction of 1 mark
Positive Response Awarded 1 mark
No Response No marks are awarded or deducted if the candidate does not attempt the question

Eligibility Criteria

Any person aiming for the CLAT exam needs to make sure before applying that they qualify the eligibility criteria. These rules and regulations can be found on the official website and followed strictly during the application procedure. The eligibility criteria are as follows:

·       Candidates should have cleared Class 12th  with a minimum of 45% marks  (applicable for candidates belonging to General/ Other Backward Class (OBC)/ Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) category)/ Person with Disability (PwD)/ Non-Resident Indian (NRI)/ Person of Indian Origin (PIO).

·       The criteria are slightly different for candidates belonging to the Scheduled Caste (SC)/ Scheduled Tribe (ST) category as they have to clear Class 12th with a minimum of 40% marks.

·       Candidates that are yet to appear or appearing for their Class 12th exams are also allowed to write this examination, but such candidates should be able to produce proof of passing for standard 12th or equivalent exam at the time of admission.

If the candidate cannot supply proper evidence, they will have to forfeit their right to admission through the CLAT  exam.

Application Fees for CLAT

The fee structure is mentioned below:

Category Application fee (in INR) Application fee with question papers
General/OBC/PWD/NRI/ PIO/ OCI Rs 4000 Rs 4500
SC/ ST/BPL Rs 3500 Rs 4000

Process of making CLAT Applications

The candidate should keep some things in mind before beginning their applications for the CLAT Exam. They should keep the following documents handy and check for all the information required-

1.       First and foremost, the candidate must check the eligibility criteria.

2.       Keep their educational documents ready.

3.       Keep their payment details on hand, such as your Credit Card/Debit Card/Net Banking information.

4.       Keep their passport photograph and official signature prepared as per the specifications.

The candidates are supposed to begin the registration procedure after they have cross-checked the above information:

1.       Visit the official website from CLAT Consortium, i.e.,

2.       Towards the left side of the application window, the login form can be viewed. If you are a candidate registering for the first time, you can click on 'Don't have an account? Register' button. It will lead them to the online registration form.

3.       The online registration form for  CLAT 2020/2021 will show up on the screen, and candidates must provide the requisite details like mentioning their correct name, mobile number, and create their password.

4.       After this, the candidate can register, and the OTP will be sent over to the registered mobile number.

5.        Further, the candidate must put in the OTP sent to the registered mobile to access the CLAT application form.

6.        After this has been done, the account will be activated. It can be confirmed with the display message.

7.        The login window of CLAT 2020 will appear, and after logging in, the candidate will be able to fill in the application form.

8.       The application form will require the applicant's name according to his/her class 10+2 certificate, father's name, mother's name, nationality, gender, and birth date. You also need to provide your All India Category (General/ OBC/ SC/ ST) (If you select the minority category, upload a supporting document in pdf format as issued from a competent authority.

Some from the PWD or BPL (Below Poverty Line) category also has to upload supporting documents in a pdf file format of size not more than 1.5 MB.

9.       The applicant must then put in their communication details so that they receive all the necessary updates regarding the examination. These details include the correspondence address – present residential address, state/ UT, District, PIN code of your corresponding address, Permanent Address – fill the same information as correspondence if the address is same, mobile number and email ID.

10.   After this, the candidate must mention their information about their educational qualifications such as qualifying examination, Board/ University, Status of qualifying examination – whether already appeared, appearing or passed, the month of passing the test, year of passing and the qualifying marks in percentage.

11.   After putting in all of this information correctly and precisely, the applicant can make a list of their preferred cities for their examination centers, college preferences and mention their reservation status.

12.   Finally, the candidate should pay the examination fees to end the application process after ensuring that all the information filled into the application form is filled correctly.

CLAT Cut Off 2020 Round 1

College Name      General Opening Rank General Closing Rank SC/ST/PwD/OBC/EWS Opening Rank   SC/ST/PwD/OBC/EWSClosing Rank
NLSIU, Bengaluru 1 97 145 2812
NALSAR, Hyderabad 40 887 1803 8846
NLIU, Bhopal 137 526 622 22199
NUJS, Kolkata 6 67 861 40724
NLU, Jodhpur 162 312 1866 10580
HNLU, Raipur 470 2408 3539 46659
GNLU, Gandhinagar 259 3102 4336 13697
RAMNLU, Lucknow 462 705 710 21393
RGNUL, Patiala 307 943 2972 22662
CNLU, Patna 432 1142 1182 50529
NUALS, Kochi 472 1297 1411 30841
NLUO, Cuttack 478 3283 5180 32777
NUSRL, Ranchi 934 1189 1200 42860
NLUJA, Guwahati 1005 2828 4151 52225
DSNLU, Vizag 986 1362 1413 52380
TNNLS, Tiruchirapalli 1124 3890 3994 45835
MNLU, Mumbai 4 941 778 40370
MNLU, Nagpur 543 1312 3133 50789
MNLU, Aurangabad 1211 2074 5003 51671
HPNLU, Shimla 585 9149 7225 48935

Best Books for CLAT 2021 Preparation

These books are helpful for the following subjects:

·       English (including comprehension)

1.       Word Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis

2.       Word Power Made Easy New Revised & Expanded Edition (English) by Norman Lewis

3.       The Pearson Guide to the CLAT (English)

4.       Objective General English (English) by RS Aggarwal

5.       Verbal and Non Verbal Reasoning by RS Agarwal

6.       High School English Grammar & Composition (English) by P C Wren, H Martin

·       Logical Reasoning

1.       A Modern Approach to Logical Reasoning by RS Aggarwal

2.       Analytical Reasoning (English) by M K Pandey

3.       Verbal Reasoning by RS Aggarwal

4.       Quantitative Aptitude ebook (All Parts Solved) by R S Agarwal

5.       501 Challenging Logical reasoning Practice Book

·       Legal Aptitude

1.       Legal Awareness and Legal Reasoning: For CLAT and LLB Entrance Examinations (English) by Pearson

2.       Legal Aptitude and Legal Reasoning by A P Bhardwaj

3.       Objective Legal Aptitude by RS Aggarwal

4.       LST's Legal Reasoning Module

·       General Knowledge and Current Affairs

1.       Manorama Yearbook (English)

2.       General Knowledge (English)

3.       Lucents General Knowledge (English)

4.       Pratiyogita Darpan

5.       Pearson's Concise GK Manual

6.       Competition Review Yearbook

·       Quantitative Techniques

1.       Quantitative Aptitude and Logical Reasoning (English) by RS Aggarwal

  1. Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations (English) by Pearson
  2. Fast Track Objective Arithmetic by Arihant
  3. S Chand's 30 days wonder for Maths


1.       Where can I get admission after the CLAT 2020?

There are 22 national law universities and more than 60 other law schools that accept candidates into their institutions based on the CLAT examinations every year.

2.       How many seats are available in the national law colleges?

There are approximately 2596 seats offered in the UG law programs and 783 seats provided for the national law universities' LLM program for students who successfully pass the CLAT.

3.       Who conducts the CLAT exam?

The CLAT is conducted by the Consortium of National Law Universities, a permanent body based in Bangalore.

4.       Can I apply for the CLAT exam offline?

No, the application process for the CLAT test is completed in online mode.

5.       What details should I retain after completion of the application procedure?

CLAT applicants should make sure that they have their fee receipt, a hard copy of their application form, and their auto-generated user-ID and password.

6.       Can I provide my choices for NLUs?

Yes, candidates can provide their preferences for NLUs during the application procedure of CLAT 2020.

7.       Can I change my choice entries after I have finalized the entries?

No, once the candidate has put in their choices and finished the application procedure, the choices cannot be altered. The selections will be considered final.

8.       What is the examination pattern for the CLAT 2020?

CLAT 2020 was conducted online due to the  COVID-19 pandemic, but usually, the examination is always held in offline mode (pen and paper method).

9.       Is there a negative marking system in CLAT?

Yes, there is a negative making scheme, so candidates must be wary.

10.   What things do I need to carry to the CLAT exam center on the day of the exam?

Candidates should always carry their admit card and a valid government ID card (Aadhar Card/ Voter Id card/ Driving License/ Passport, etc.) to enter the examination hall. Amidst the COVID-19 situation, it is also the candidate's responsibility to bring their personal sanitization items such as masks, sanitizers, and disinfectants.

All the best to all CLAT aspirants from the Collegemarg team!